|Siegbert Tarrasch (March 5, 1862 – February 17, 1934) was one of the strongest chess players of the late 19th century. He took Wilhelm Steinitz´s ideas (control of the center, bishop pair, space advantage) to a higher level of refinement. He stated what is known as the Tarrasch rule that rooks should be placed behind passed pawns — either yours or your opponent´s. He wrote several books, including Die moderne Schachpartie and Three hundred chess games.|
Tarrasch may have been the best player in the world in during the early 1890s, but after Emmanuel Lasker became world chess champion, Tarrasch could not match him.
He was a great target of the hypermodern school, led by Richard Réti, Aron Nimzovitch and Savielly Tartakower who considered his ideas dogmatic.
A number of chess openings are named after Tarrasch, with the most notable being: