|Adolf Albin (September 14, 1848 – 1920) was a Romanian chess player.|
He was born in Bucharest. He came to chess relatively late: according to the Oxford Companion to Chess he only learnt the game in his 20s and did not play in international events until his 40s. His best result came at New York 1893, where he finished second behind Emanuel Lasker (who scored a perfect 13/13), ahead of Jackson Showalter, Harry Nelson Pillsbury and others. He played in the very strong tournaments at Hastings 1895 (scoring 8.5/21) and Nuremberg 1896 (scoring 7/18). His tournament results on the whole were spotty, though he won individual games against several notable players, including world champion Wilhelm Steinitz at New York 1894 and Nuremberg 1896. He was author of the first chess book in Romanian, Amiculu Jocului de Schach (1872).
Albin is the eponym of several chess opening variations, notably the Albin Countergambit in the Queen´s Gambit (1.d4 d5 2.c4 e5 in algebraic notation) and the Albin Attack in the French Defence (1.e4 e6 2.d4 d5 3.Nc3 Nf6 4.Bg5 Be7 5.e5 Nfd7 6.h4; also known as the Alekhine-Chatard Attack).