|The Baltic Defense is the chess opening that begins with the moves|
- 1.d4 d5
- 2.c4 Bf5
(The Baltic Opening is a different opening played by White that begins 1.Nc3.
It has many other names, see Baltic Opening for details.)
The Baltic is an unusual variation of the Queen´s Gambit Declined (QGD).
It has not found wide-spread acceptance among chess masters, but some world-class players have used it including grandmasters Paul Keres and Alexei Shirov.
In most defenses to the QGD Black has difficulties developing his queen bishop.
The Baltic takes a radical approach to the problem by bringing out the queen bishop immediately.
White has tried many moves to attempt to refute this opening,
including 3.Qb3, 3.Nc3, 3.cxd5, 3.e3, and 3.Nf3.
- Nunn, John (ed.), et al. (1999). Nunn´s Chess Openings. Everyman Chess. ISBN 1-8574-4221-0.