Woody Allen (born December 1, 1935), is an United States|American short story|short story writer, screenwriter, and film director whose large body of work and cerebral style have made him one of the most widely respected and prolific filmmakers in the modern era. He writes and directs his own movies and has acted in many of them as well. Allen draws heavily on literature, philosophy, European cinema and most importantly, New York City, where he was born and in which he has lived all his life, for much of his inspiration; indeed, his onscreen persona is the quintessential New York Jewish intellectual: neurotic and self-absorbed, cosmopolitan yet insecure, with a self-deprecating sense of humor.
Life and work
Allen was born Allen Stewart Konigsberg in the Bronx, New York, into a Jewish family. His parents Martin and Nettie lived in Flatbush, where he attended a Hebrew school for eight years. After that, he went to Public School 99 and then to Midwood High, where "Red" (as he was called because of his hair) impressed students with his extraordinary talent at cards and magic tricks. To raise money, he began writing joke|gags for the agent David O. Alber, who sold them to newspaper columnists. Reportedly, Allen´s first published joke was "I am two with Nature." At sixteen, he started writing for show stars like Sid Caesar and began calling himself Woody Allen. He was a gifted comedian from an early stage.
After high school, he went to New York University where he studied communication and film but, never much of a student, he soon dropped out due to poor grades (he would later joke he was expelled for cheating on the metaphysics final: "I looked into the soul of the boy sitting next to me."). He also briefly attended City College of New York after that. At nineteen, he married Harlene Rosen, a philosophy student, and started writing scripts for The Ed Sullivan Show, The Tonight Show and others. In 1957 in television|1957, he won his first Emmy Award; about the same time, he divorced Harlene.
He started writing prose and plays, and in 1960, started a new career as a stand-up comedy|stand-up comedian and also began writing for the popular Candid Camera television show, even appearing in some episodes. Together with his managers he turned his weaknesses into his strengths and developed the neurotic, nervous, and shy figure famous from his later movies. He soon became an immensely popular comedian and appeared frequently in nightclubs and on television.
His first movie production was What´s New, Pussycat? in 1965 in film|1965, for which he wrote the screenplay. It was a largely unpleasant experience for Allen as he was trapped in Paris for six months during the production. Furthermore, the studio never showed much respect for his script, altering the film to the point where it bore little resemblance to Allen´s original vision. Allen´s first directorial effort was What´s Up, Tiger Lily? (1966 in film|1966), in which an existing Japan|Japanese spy movie was redubbed in English language|English by Allen and his friends with completely new, comic dialogue. In 1967 in film|1967, he also appeared in the offbeat James Bond film, Casino Royale. His first conventional directing effort was Take The Money and Run (1969 in film|1969), which was followed by Bananas (movie)|Bananas, Everything You Always Wanted To Know About Sex, Sleeper (movie)|Sleeper, and Love and Death. All of Allen´s early films are pure comedies that relied heavily on slapstick, inventive sight gags, and non-stop one-liners. Among the many notable influences on these films are Bob Hope and Groucho Marx.
Image:Insidewoodyallen.gif|frame|Allen´s film persona was the subject of the comic strip Inside Woody Allen from 1976 to 1984.
In 1976 in film|1976, he starred in, but did not direct, The Front, a serious look at Hollywood blacklisting during the 1950s. He returned to directing in 1977 in film|1977´s Annie Hall, a modern classic that marked a major turn away to more sophisticated humor and thoughtful drama (the movie won four Academy Awards, including Best Picture, Best Director, and Best Actress). The film set the standard for modern romantic comedy and also started a fashion trend with the unique dress worn by Diane Keaton in the film. He also directed the serious drama Interiors, in the manner of the great Swedish director, Ingmar Bergman, one of Allen´s major influences. His most successful movies were produced in a ten year period starting with Annie Hall; other critical and financial successes were Manhattan (1979 movie)|Manhattan, The Purple Rose of Cairo ( named by Time Magazine as one of the 100 best films of all time) and Hannah and Her Sisters (Winner of three Academy Awards).
Allen won the 1978 O. Henry Award for his short story "The Kugelmass Episode" published in The New Yorker on May 2, 1977.
Most of his 1980s films, even the comedies, have somber and philosophical undertone. Many of them like September (1987 movie)|September and "Stardust Memories" are often said to be heavily influenced by the works of European directors, most notably Ingmar Bergman and Federico Fellini. Allen twice won the César Award for Best Foreign Film, the first in 1980 for Manhattan (1979 movie)|Manhattan and the second in 1986 for The Purple Rose of Cairo. He is also the most frequently nominated person in the Academy Award catagory of Best Originial Screenplay, with a stunning total of 13 nominations. In addition to that, he has also been nominated many times in the catagory of Best Director, and his actors are also among the most frequently nominated people in their respective catagories.
His 1992 film Shadows and Fog is an homage to Fritz Lang, G.W. Pabst and F.W. Murnau, and the German expressionists.
In the late 1990s he returned to lighter movies: Everyone Says I Love You, a musical, Mighty Aphrodite, for which Mira Sorvino won an Academy Award, and others.
In 1992, his personal life became very public, when he left his long-term partner Mia Farrow after she discovered his secret affair with her adopted daughter Soon-Yi Previn. Farrow accused him of being a pedophilia|pedophile (Previn is 35 years his junior) and of abusing their seven-year-old daughter Dylan- a charge that was later dismissed. These events eerily echoed the plotline of his film released at the time, Husbands and Wives. In that film, Woody and Mia play a couple whose decade-long relationship is falling apart, with Woody´s character becoming attracted to one of his 20-year-old students. Farrow discusses the events in What Falls Away: A Memoir, ISBN 0385471874.
Allen and Previn married in 1997, and later adopted two daughters, naming both (Bechet Allen and Manzie Tio Allen) after jazz musicians (Sidney Bechet and Manzie Johnson).
Woody Allen continues to produce an average of one film a year. Small Time Crooks (2000), his first film with DreamWorks SKG studio, was a modest success, grossing over ten million dollars. Allen´s films tend to be more popular in Europe, particularly France- a country where he has a large fan base; in fact, he himself has said that he "survives" on the European market. In any case, he is widely respected and admired as a major filmmaker and he attracts diverse and talented actors for his films, including Diane Keaton, Julia Roberts, Sean Penn, Michael Caine, John Cusack, Anjelica Houston, Alan Alda, Judy Davis, Stockard Channing, Helen Hunt, Téa Leoni, Christina Ricci, Chloë Sevigny, Wallace Shawn, and David Ogden Stiers. He continues to write roles for the neurotic persona he created in the 1960s and 1970s. However, as Allen gets older, the roles have been assumed by other actors such as John Cusack (Bullets Over Broadway), Kenneth Branagh (Celebrity), Jason Biggs (Anything Else), and Will Ferrell (Melinda and Melinda).
In 2002 Woody made a surprise appearance- his first ever- at the Academy Awards ceremony. It was part of a tribute to New York City|New York after the September 11, 2001 Terrorist Attacks|9/11 terrorist attacks.
Allen is also a talented clarinetist who has been performing publicly at least since the late 1960s. He makes regular New York appearances with a band specializing in early twentieth century and New Orleans jazz. The documentary film Wild Man Blues (directed by Barbara Kopple) documents a European tour by Allen and band, as well as his relationship with Soon Yi.
In a 2005 poll The Comedian´s Comedian, Allen was voted the third greatest comedy act ever by fellow comedians and comedy insiders.
His latest film, Match Point, starring Scarlett Johansson, debuted at the 2005 Cannes Film Festival. Match Point is set in London.
Selected filmography as a director:
- Match Point (2005)
- Melinda and Melinda (2005)
- Anything Else (2003)
- Hollywood Ending (2002)
- The Curse of the Jade Scorpion (2001)
- Small Time Crooks (2000)
- Sweet and Lowdown (1999)
- Celebrity (1998)
- Deconstructing Harry (1997)
- Everyone Says I Love You (1996)
- Mighty Aphrodite (1995)
- Bullets Over Broadway (1994)
- Manhattan Murder Mystery (1993)
- Husbands and Wives (1992)
- Shadows and Fog (1992)
- Alice (1990)
- Crimes and Misdemeanors (1989)
- New York Stories (1989) (segment "Oedipus Wrecks")
- Another Woman (1988)
- September (1987)
- Radio Days (1987)
- Hannah and Her Sisters (1986)
- The Purple Rose of Cairo (1985)
- Broadway Danny Rose (1984)
- Zelig (1983)
- A Midsummer Night´s Sex Comedy (1982)
- Stardust Memories (1980)
- Manhattan (1979)
- Interiors (1978)
- Annie Hall (1977)
- Love and Death (1975)
- Sleeper (1973)
- Everything You Always Wanted to Know About Sex (1972)
- Bananas (1971)
- Take the Money and Run (1969)
- What´s Up, Tiger Lily? (1966)
- Short Stories
- Getting Even (1971), ISBN 0394473485
- Without Feathers (1975), ISBN 0394497430
- Side Effects (1980), ISBN 0394511042
- The Gossage—Vardebedian Papers
- Woody Allen on Woody Allen: In Conversation With Stig Bjorkman (1995), ISBN 080211556X
Books on Woody Allen
- Stephan Reimertz : Woody Allen : Eine Biographie. Reinbek 2000 ISBN 3499611457 (In German)
- -- : Woody Allen (rororo-Monographie). Reinbek 2005 ISBN 3499504103 (In German)