|With the sole exception of two works in Middle Persian (the Karnamak and the Chatranj Namak) all of the early works (pre-1000 CE) on chess were written by Arabic authors. At this point in the origins of chess the rules were those of Shatranj.|
During the golden age of Arabic, many works on chess were written, recording for the first time the analysis of opening games, chess problems, the knight´s tour, and many more subjects common in modern chess books. Many of these are missing; while we have firm evidence of their existence, no copies are known to have survived.
The earliest listing of works on chess is in the Kitab al-fihrist, a general bibliography produced in 377 AH (988 CE) by ibn Ishaq an-Nadim. It includes an entire section on the topic of chess, listing:
(list based upon translation by Harold Murray)
There is a passage referring to chess in a work said to be by Hasan, a philosopher from Basra who died in 728 CE; however the attribution of authorship is dubious.