|Vitaly Tseshkovsky (born September 25, 1944) is a Russian chess Grandmaster.|
His best tournament victories include first at Leipzig 1975, Yerevan 1980, Banja Luka 1981 and Minsk 1982. After second place finishes in Soviet Championships of 1978 and 1980, he won the event in 1986. He has beaten several world champions: Vasily Smyslov at the Moscow Spartakiad 1974, Mikhail Tal at Sochi 1970, and a young Garry Kasparov at the 1978 Soviet Championship. Tseshkovsky himself almost qualified for the World Championship candidates matches when he finished fourth in the 1976 Manila Interzonal, one place lower than was needed to progress to the next stage.
His 6/9 result in St Petersburg, 2004 qualified him to play in the Russian Championship final later in the year, alongside Russia´s seven top players and five other qualifiers
Throughout his career, Tseshkovsky has played 1.e4 when playing White. With Black he has played the Ruy Lopez, Sicilian Defence, Pirc Defence and Modern Defence against 1.e4, and against 1.d4 he has most often played the Grünfeld Defence and Benko Gambit.
In the April 2005 FIDE list, Tseshkovsky had an Elo rating of 2589.