Allumwandlung[ edit ]

An Allumwandlung (German for "complete promotion", sometimes shortened to AUW) is a chess problem where, at some stage in the solution, a pawn (or sometimes pawns) is promoted variously to a knight, bishop, rook and queen.

Here is an example composed by Niels Hoeg and first published in 1905. White to move and mate in three:



The key move (white´s first move) is f7 (see algebraic notation), and depending on how black defends, white promotes to either a queen, a rook, a bishop or a knight on move two. The lines are:

1... e4 2. f8Q any 3. Qe7 mate (or Qf6 mate)
  • 1... Kd6 2. f8Q Kc6 3. Qc5 mate
  • 1... exf4 2. f8R Kd6 3. Rf6 mate
  • 1... exd4 2. f8B Kf6 3. Ra6 mate
  • 1... Kf6 2. f8N exd4 3. Rf7 mate

  • The importance of white´s underpromotions can be understood by considering what happens if he promotes to a queen no matter what black plays: after 1... exf4 or 1... exd4 2. f8Q is stalemate, while following 1... Kf6 2. f8Q Kxg6 there is no mate.

    See also


    categories: myChess-Wiki | chess terminology | fork (chess) | Chess tactic | Interference (chess) | chess problem terminology | Allumwandlung
    article No 865 / last change on 2005-07-01, 08:53pm

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    This article is based on the article Allumwandlung from the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and stands under the GNU-Licence for free documentation. In the Wikipedia a list of the authors is available.

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