Lacny[ edit ]

The Lacny or Lacny cycle is a chess problem theme named after udovt Lan, the first person to demonstrate the idea.

It is an example of lines of play being cyclically related: in one phase of play, the Black defences a, b and c are answered by the White mates A, B and C respectively; in another phase, those same defences a, b and c are answered by the White mates B, C and A respectively.


The theme can be understood by reference to the problem to the right: this is the first problem to demonstrate the idea, by Lacny himself (first prize at the Przepiorka Memorial, 1949); it has been much-reproduced. The set play is:
nݕu6xXW5@`[Xsw6Anv
The key to the solution is 1.Nd2 (threatening 2.Nf1#), after which the mates are changed thus:
nݕu66XW5@{Xsw6Anv
As well as in set play (as in this example) the theme can be shown in tries, more than one solution or twins.

The scheme can be expanded to include more defences; in a five-fold Lacny, for example, the defences a, b, c, d and e are met with the mates A, B, C, D and E respectively in one phase and B, C, D, E and A respectively in another. The cycle can also be extended over three phases to make a complete Lacny cycle; here, the defences a, b and c are answered by the mates A, B and C respectively in one phase; by B, C and A respectively in another; and by C, A and B respectively in a third. This is considerably harder to achieve than the "simple" Lacny, and there are relatively few examples.

In the related threat Lacny, short-cut Lacny or Dombro-Lacny, in one phase A is threatened, and defence b leads to mate B while defence c leads to mate C; in another phase B is threatened and defence b leads to mate C while defence c leads to mate A. Once, problems following this scheme were also called Lacnys, but now a distinction tends to be drawn between the two (Peter Gvozdjak in Cyclone suggests this scheme should be called the Shedey cycle after its originator, Sergei Shedey). There are a number of other themes featuring cyclic play in different phases, including the Kiss and Djurasevic cycles.

Further reading
  • Peter Gvozdjak, Cyclone (Bratislava, 2000) - includes 626 Lacny cycles and 42 complete Lacnys


categories: myChess-Wiki | chess terminology | fork (chess) | Chess tactic | Interference (chess) | chess problem terminology | Lacny
article No 863 / last change on 2005-07-01, 08:46pm

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This article is based on the article Lacny from the free encyclopaedia Wikipedia and stands under the GNU-Licence for free documentation. In the Wikipedia a list of the authors is available.

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